On the CELSTEC Mobile Media retreat meeting I gave a presentation about the relation between self-regulated learning, reflection, and situation awareness. These concepts are relevant for contextualised informal learning.
In this presentation I reviewed the Butler & Winne Self-regulation Model and the Endsley Situation Awareness Model. There are some interesting relations that received very little attention in the area of mobile and contextual learning.
I listened to a very interesting interview with Peter Nowak on innovation in technology and learning. Interestingly, Nowak argues that most innovations that we see today in education and learning are related to high competition in non educational markets, namely the food market, the pornography market, and the military complex.
His argument is that these volatile markets act as innovators and early adopters that have created and shaped technologies through massive investments. The drivers for this innovation is partly related to performance needs and to the needs of market outreach. Despite negative effects that are related to all of these industries, the high competition and market constraints seem to force them towards seeking technological innovation in order to gain any advantage over their competitors. Then slowly these technologies diffuse towards the mainstream.
You can listen to the interview at New Security Learning.
In September and November 2011 two important meetings have happened. On September 5 & 6 the EMuRgency project had its kick-off meeting organized by the Open University of the Netherlands. During the meeting the partners provided a detailed presentation about their expertise, focus in the project and vision. In addition the different activities within the project have been further refined and planned. To “practice what we preach” non-medical experts participated in a short CPR training provided by the partner from the University Hospital in Aachen. Overall, the kick-off has helped all partners to define a common ground, to get to know each other better and to develop a common visiion and concrete workplan for the upcoming months and years.
On November 7 another consortium meeting has happened. This time the focus of the meeting was the administrative and financial management of the EMuRgency meeting. Nadia Thissen from the EMR Stichting has introduced the specifics of the INTERREG IVa programme and consortium members had the opportunity to ask questions. Last but not least we could take a photo of the whole consortium.
Today I came across an interesting posting in a mobile learning forum on XING. The thread started with the question “When did mobile learning really start?”. There was already a posting that claimed that Nokia started the mobile learning idea in 2001. I thought, “wait! 2001 is too late” and started some digging in my references. What I found there was interesting and enlightening.
To answer the first question we need to understand that mobile learning is NOT about mobile devices.
Mobile learning is about emphasizing aspects of mobility in an educational concept. Besides mobility this includes situatedness, context dependency, the location of a learning environment etc.
So when did mobile learning really start. My little research puts the date around 1997. About a year later I had a very enlightening and inspiring discussion with Cathleen Norris and Elliot Soloway in Berlin. Back then they presented their early solutions from HI-CE for “handheld learning”. The core difference to other handhald learning solutions of that time was that they discussed classroom applications that emphasised the mobility of the learners for making the applications valuable. Rather than “handheld devices for learning” they changed the view to “supporting learning on the go with handheld devices”.
To embrace the difference one has to recall that until around 1997 handheld devices for learning were mostly of the kind of the Little Professor – some were more sophisticated some less. Basically these solutions were relatively small solutions of portable learning systems. With this respect they were very similar to books as the learning content was not affected by the mobility of the learners. Until 1997 mobile and handheld devices were technological extensions of the learning anytime and anywhere metaphore. The HI-CE stuff broke with this perspective. Suddenly learning was dependend on social interactions,movements, locations, and annotations. Instead of enforcing the right time and the right place, the new solutions were empowering learners to create and enrich their spatial learning environments with the new technology.
My quick research brought another interesting aspect to my attention. In 1998 Rainer Oppermann and Marcus Specht published a concept for a nomadic museum guide. This paper discusses explicitly the application for learning support. The interesting aspect of this paper is that it outlines the first application of Augmented Reality for Learning. This gets clearer with the followup publications from 1999 (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).
Therefore, the tipping point when solutions for learning changed towards what we now know as “mobile learning”, was around 1997.
Last year I wrote an article in german to give an overview on mobile and ubiquitous learning developments for the L3T book. Checking out a new visualiation tool if found that the chapter was downloaded nearly 1700 times (1690 to be correct). So I think quite a success. Nice work done together with Martin Ebner from Graz.
So if you speak german and want to read some overview and starting point for mobile and ubiquitous learning get the chapter here:
of browse the whole book at: